Hair Loss

Hair loss is a major problem in our society due to the fact that it has a great deal of social and cultural importance. Normal hair loss is approximately 100 hairs per day; the average scalp contains about 100,000 hairs. Each individual hair grows about a half inch per month, survives for approximately 4.5 years, and is replaced within 6 months. Genetic hair loss is the body’s inability to produce new hair rather than loss of hair. There are many different reasons that cause hair loss and most of them can be avoided or treated with success.

There are different types of hair loss and below are the most common:

  • Androgenic Alopecia – It is common type of hair loss that affects both men and women. It is also known as male pattern baldness for men, described as the loss or thinning of hair on the head’s crown or hairline shrinking from the temples. A U-shaped hair pattern around the back and sides of the head normally stays or hair may keep on falling out, leading to complete baldness as time passes.
  • Alopecia Areata – A condition generated when the immune system of the body targets the hair follicles and disturbs the natural hair growth and formation.
  • Alopecia Universalis – This is the most advanced type of alopecia and it is described as the total hair loss all over the body.
  • Alopecia Totalis – It is an auto-immune disorder resulting in total hair loss, but on the scalp only. It is a condition intermediary between alopecia areata and alopecia universalis.
  • Ophiasis – It is a type of alopecia areata wherein the loss of hair happens in a wave-like shape surrounding the head.
  • Traction Alopecia – Is a hair loss condition resulting from damage to the hair follicle and papilla from continuous tension or pulling over a lengthy period of time.
  • Chignon Alopecia – It is a type of traction alopecia wherein hair loss takes place at the crown of the head. It usually happens when the hair is shaped or styled in a tight bundle for a very long time period. This is typically common in ballet dancers. 
  • Hypotricosis – It is a condition where there is absolutely no hair growth. As opposed to alopecia, where previously there was growth of hair, hypotrichosis on the other hand occurs where there was no growth of hair to begin with.
  • Telogen Effluvium – It is a loss of hair that occurs when the hair follicles are pushed prematurely in the growth’s resting stage by illness or stress.
  • Lichen Planopilaris – It is a disease that commonly affects the mouth and skin. It can lead to irritation, redness and permanent hair loss in some cases.
  • Trichorrhexis nodosa – It is a hair fiber defect seen as a swelling and fraying nodes in specific spots down the hair fiber’s length due to the lack of a cuticle layer.
  • Folliculitis – This is a bacterial condition that causes irritation to the hair follicles and is probably one of the most familiar kinds of skin infection.

People who experience hair loss should see their doctor as soon as possible. Genetic hair loss will have a better success rate of prevention the sooner it is treated. Other causes of hair loss can also be investigated by laboratory screening and can be reversed by appropriate treatment.

Adapted from original source: AOCD

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